FINAL PROJECT: Abstract and Reader's Reponse > Case Study of Water Sanitation and Hygiene in Nepal

Abstract: Bacteria and other microbes from open defecation and improper sanitation leach into drinking water, preventing access to safe water. Unsafe water conditions lead to water borne illnesses that include diarrhea, lower respiratory infections, and intestinal infections. Engineers without Borders and Public Health without Borders at University of Maryland do interventions in countries to provide effective care. They are always looking for countries and locales that can use their expertise. These organizations use case studies in order to strategize which issues to tackle in each country. Therefore, this document provides a case study on Nepal on the potable water conditions before and after the earthquake from 2015, while addressing specific culturally sensitive interventions. 44,000 children die yearly in Nepal due to water borne diseases each year; the most notable reason for deaths are diarrhea and lower respiratory infection. There has been progress to sanitation access over the past few years, but still only 27% of the entire population has access to basic sanitation. This percentage is because the earthquake in Nepal in 2015 led to a major decline in infrastructure especially in lower income communities. Specifically in Dolakha, rates of outdoor defecation increased after the earthquake, further contaminating the water. To improve the water conditions, cost effective water purifying techniques can be implemented and educational programs on water borne diseases should be made available.

Voice: The voice for this is formal because the paper has a serious tone to it. Therefore, I will be writing in third person to address the severity of the conditions in Nepal.

Citation: This document will use formal citation style.

Reader’s Profile: I can imagine a reader, specifically the engineers in Engineers without Borders, focused on the technical aspects of the potential trip. They would be bothered by the fact that my document does not contain specific structures to design to improve the conditions.

Reader’s response: This is certainly a very useful document on providing background knowledge on the conditions of Nepal before and after. Additionally, this is helpful for Public Health without Borders and Engineers without Borders. However, I would like to see a section of the intervention discussing some plausible designs for clean water access in communities in a cost efficient manner. Along with this, I would want to see the science behind certain water purifying techniques.
May 5, 2017 | Unregistered CommenterST
S, see my revision:

Engineers without Borders and Public Health without Borders at University of Maryland do interventions in countries to provide effective, sustainable, small-scale water quality improvements. They study countries and locales that can use their expertise by developing case studies Therefore, this document presents the case of Nepal for consideration by these two service organizations.

Be sure to include a political-safety profile for Nepal. You can use the U.S. State Department for this.
May 7, 2017 | Registered CommenterMarybeth Shea